Equilateral Turnout Product Introduction
Equilateral Turnout is our country coal system uses special railway switch, is narrow track rail lines connecting the basic equipment。
Symmetrical turnout standardization, serialization coal or other mines for the design, construction and
production is also very important. Coal mine narrow gauge railway rail laying convenient, quickly, has the
strict manufacture, acceptance criteria, the rail type, gauge, Angle of the switch series, is suitable for China's
coal industry and changeable usage.
Equilateral Turnout is a large family, the most common is common single switch. It by the switch, the connecting
part, frog and guard rails of three units. Switch, including basic rail tongue rail and switch machinery. When the
locomotive vehicle to track the from point A to point B lanes, switch mechanical manipulation, in the position of
tongue rail mobile tongue rail 1 stick 1 basic rail, split 2 out of 2 basic rail, thus opened the B lanes, shut down A
track, rolling stock into the connection part of the transition to the frog and guard rails along the guide curve
rail unit. The unit includes a fixed frog, wing rail and guard rails, security role is to protect the wheel through the
two rail lines cross.
You may have found that when the wheel through the frog, the narrowest point from two wing rail to the frog
heart there is a gap between the cutting edge, which is harmful space of the switch. Wheel through here, may be
caused by wrong frog slot derailment. Set the aim of the guardrail is here, it will be forced to gu36ide wheel
running direction. In spite of this, the harmful space limits the speed of trains through the switch, the operation
of high-speed train is very bad..
To solve the fundamental way to a switch harmful space, of course, is to eliminate harmful space. Since common
rail can't do that, you have to develop special point - activity heart bifurcation.
Activity is the most important characteristics of point rail frog heart rail can plate. When we want to open a
certain direction lanes, activity of point rail frog heart rail with dense paste, opened in the same direction wing
rail is separated from the other wing rail, so that ordinary switch of harmful space doesn't exist. Practice has
proved that wiped out the harmful space switch, driving more smoothly, small bifurcation speed restriction,
which is especially suitable for large capacity, operation of high-speed train lines to use.
Since there are single turnout, there are double turnout, turnout and three multi-turnout (Double Slip Switches) and so on..
Turnout has its own code, such as the 9th turnout, turnout on the 12th, the 18th turnout and so on. This code
is not easily arranged, it actually represents a frog angle (α) of the cotangent, which is part of frog heart right
angle triangle two sides FE and AE ratio, ie, N = cotα = FE / AE , N is the turnout numbers.Obviously, the smaller
the frog angle α, N values greater the greater the conductivity curve radius, the train line through the side when
the turnout the more stable, allowing the higher speed through turnout. So the use of large turnout for the
train operation is advantageous. However, things have its two sides, the greater the numbers turnout, turnout
longer naturally high cost, covering also much more. Therefore, the use of what the turnout numbers to local
conditions, because the line varies, can not be generalized.
Equilateral Turnout Faults and processing methods
1.Understand the rail failure condition
First ask station attendant fault phenomenon, then on the console control switch test.
2.Registration switch stop using equipment.
3. Determine the cause of the switch is indoor or outdoor
(1) if it is a single switch, ammeter has instructions to the console when operation, stating that the motion
switch power is sent to the switch. If the switch can't speak to the specified position, it is outdoor. When
operation switch, if the console ammeter without instructions, first of all to the machinery room outside plate
of measurement have the switch voltage, if has motion switch electric voltage specification has been sent out,
is outside the fault.
(2) if it is double acting switch, when the operation console the ammeter and I don't move, stating that the
motion switch power is sent to the move switch, failure after move switch, is outside the fault.
(3) if the yard can operation, trans, is not said. The multimeter ac 250 v, measure X1 X2) (or in line set between
the X3 and presence of ac 110 v voltage, if there is a voltage, is outside the fault, it is indoor fault.